Experience Bourgogne Wines
Think Bourgogne, think terroir. The terroir of Bourgogne is the basis of the Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée.
In Bourgogne, terroir is a broad concept which includes both natural and human factors. It was wine growers, who discovered, identified and then developed the terroirs. Centuries of hard work was necessary for this concept, whose origin goes back to the early Middle Ages, to be passed down to us, and to be officially recognised and described in the middle of the last century with the creation of the I.N.A.O. (Institut National des Appellations d’Origine) and Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC).
There is not one word in English that is equivalent to ‘terroir’. However it can be best translated as comprising of soil and local topography, with the macroclimate having an effect on the mesoclimate and vine microclimate. The terroir is above all the sub-soil and soil from which the vine draws its nutrients and which create a secret alchemy of colours, aromas and flavours.
If the nature of the soil is the key element of the terroir, many other natural factors have an influence on the quality, typicity and expression of a wine: the exposure to the sun of the plot of land, its altitude, the depth and drainage of the soil, the climatic conditions of the year and the microclimate.